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Should water infrastructure funding needs and infrastructure investment trends continue, the current (2019) annual gap of $81 billion will grow to $136 billion by 2039.
Drinking water across America is delivered via one million miles of pipes.
In 2015, the U.S. Government Accountability Office found that cost of replacing drinking water or waste water infrastructure in rural communities to be almost $190 billion in the coming years.
Water service disruptions led to a $51 billion economic loss for the 11 most water-reliant industries in 2019.  Such disruptions increase the price of goods and services and result in production delays, sales losses, and other effects.  If the current trajectory continues, it is estimated that service disruptions would cost these businesses $111 billion by 2029 and grow to $250 billion by 2019.
In 2019, total capital spending on water infrastructure at the local, state and federal levels was approximately $48 billion while investment needs totaled $129 billion, creating an $81 billion investment gap.  
The federal government's contribution to water infrastructure capital spending has fallen from 63 percent of total capital spending in 1977 to just nine percent of total capital spending in 2014.    
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that approximately 4,000 to 5,000 miles of drinking water mains are replaced annually.
The United States loses approximately 6 billion gallons a day—enough water to supply the entire state of California.
A significant water line bursts on average every two minutes somewhere in the United States.
There are an estimated 240,000 water main breaks per year in the United States.
The average household water bill is about $335 per year.
There are approximately 151,000 public water systems in the United States.